Having gum recession from periodontal disease can cause your body to lose its natural defense against bacterial penetration and trauma. When recession has reached the mucosa (mucous membrane), the defense against bacterial penetration has been lost. Gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods and an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. In more significant cases, gum recession can worsen and expose the root surface, causing more severe problems. Treatment for recession can include gum reconstruction using grafting techniques.
A gingival (gum tissue) graft is used to solve these problems. The procedure involves taking a thin piece of tissue from the mouth or other adjacent areas to achieve a stable band of attached gum tissue around the tooth. A gingival graft may also be used to cover the exposed portion of the root. These grafts are highly successful, resulting in a healthy band of tissue around the tooth.