The Osseous (bone) procedure is one of the most common surgical procedures in periodontics. It involves incisions being made around the tooth, and pulling the gum tissue back slightly to provide access to carefully and thoroughly remove all plaque and calculus. Any irregularity to the bone resulting from gum disease are smoothed over and the gum tissue is then moved to a higher level around the tooth, closer to the bone to reduce or eliminate pockets. This will make the tooth appear longer and spacing between teeth larger. “Dissolving” sutures are then used to close the incision. For cosmetic areas, treatment options are available depending on the amount of gum tissue exposed.